

نشريه مكانيك كاربردي و محاسباتي
Journal of Applied and Computational Mechanics
فصلنامه به زبان انگليسي
سال پنجم، شماره 2




 Numerical Investigation of the Effect of BubbleBubble Interaction on the Power of Propagated Pressure Waves Masoud Khojasteh Manesh,Miralam Mahdi * Pages 181191 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1448KB]   The study of bubble dynamics، especially the interaction of bubbles، has drawn considerable attention due to its various applications in engineering and science. Meanwhile، the study of the oscillation effect of a bubble on the emitted pressure wave of another bubble in an acoustic field which has less been investigated. This issue is investigated in the present study using the coupling of KellerMiksis and Gilmore models. The ordinary differential equations are solved using MATLAB software and RungeKutta forth order method with the adaptive step size control. The results show the dependence of bubbles behavior and the strength of their pressure waves on two parameters of the initial radius and the bubbles centertocenter distance. As the initial radius of the adjacent bubble grows، its effect on the other bubble increases and causes a reduction in the other bubble maximum radius، wall velocity، internal pressure، and emitted pressure wave intensity. However، increasing the initial distance of the bubbles reduces the effect of the bubbles on each other and causes their behaviors become closer to the singlebubble oscillation mode.
Keywords: Bubble dynamics, Nonlinear oscillation, Mutual interaction, Pressure wave, Shock wave
  
 A Novel Approach for Kortewegde Vries Equation of Fractional Order Hassan Kamil Jassim *,Dumitru Baleanu Pages 192198 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1480KB]   In this study، the localfractional variational iterationmethod (LFVIM) and the localfractional series expansion method (LFSEM) are utilized to obtain approximate solutions for Kortewegde Vries equation (KdVE) within local fractionalderivative operators (LFDOs). The efficiency of the considered methods is illustrated by some examples. The results reveal that the suggested algorithms are very effective and simple and can be applied for linear and nonlinear problems in mathematical physics.
Keywords: Local fractional operators, Local fractional variational iteration method, Local fractional series expansion method, Kortewegde Vries
  
 Experimental Study of the Residual Stresses in Girth Weld of Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Majid Sabokrouh *,Mohammadreza Farahani Pages 199206 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1227KB]   In order to achieve integrated condition in the girth welding of high pressure natural gas transmission pipelines، the weld zones and its surrounding area should have good mechanical properties. Residual stresses are an important defect especially in the girth welding of the pipeline. In this study، two API X70 steel pipes (with spiral seam weld) of 56 inches outside diameter and 0.780 inch wall thickness were girth welded first. The hole drilling tests were conducted for residual stress measurement on the surfaces of the pipes. The hoop tensile residual stress on the external surface of the pipe with the maximum value equal to 318MPa was measured on the weld centerline. Hoop residual stress distributions in the internal and external surfaces of the pipe were approximately similar. The maximum axial residual stress was observed in the heat affected zone (a distance of approximately 30 mm from the weld centerline). The maximum axial residual stress on the external surface of the pipe was tensile، equal to 137 MPa، and on the internal surface of the pipe was compressive، equal to 135MPa. Axial residual stress magnitudes in the weld centerline on the internal and external surfaces of the pipe were close together. Away from the weld centerline، axial residual stresses on the internal and external surfaces showed the opposite behavior. Therefore، in the girth welding of natural gas transmission pipelines، the peripheral direction on the internal surface of the pipe is the critical zone and have the highest tensile residual stresses.
Keywords: Residual stress, Assembling, Multipass girth weld, Natural gas transmission pipeline, Hole drilling, API X70, Thermomechanical steel
  
 Effect of Thermal Conductivity and Emissivity of Solid Walls on TimeDependent Turbulent Conjugate ConvectiveRadiative Heat Transfer Igor V. Miroshnichenko,Mikhail A. Sheremet * Pages 207216 Abstract Full Text [PDF 956KB]   In the present study، the conjugate turbulent free convection with the thermal surface radiation in a rectangular enclosure bounded by walls with different thermophysical characteristics in the presence of a local heater is numerically studied. The effects of surface emissivity and wall materials on the air flow and the heat transfer characteristics are the main focus of the present investigation. The conjugate convective heat transfer for the fluid (air)، described in terms of linear momentum، continuity، and energy equations combined with ke turbulence model، is predicted by using the finite difference method. The results for the isotherms، streamlines، and average Nusselt numbers along the heat source are presented. The numerical experiments show that an increase in thermal conductivity of solid walls illustrates the enhancement of heat transfer. Eventually، the main result obtained in this work provides a good technical support for the development and research of energyefficient building materials.
Keywords: Natural convection, Surface radiation, Turbulence, Heat source, Thermal conductivity, Finite difference method
  
 NURBSBased Isogeometric Analysis Method Application to MixedMode Computational Fracture Mechanics Abdolghafour Khademalrasoul * Pages 217230 Abstract Full Text [PDF 910KB]   An interaction integral method for evaluating mixedmode stress intensity factors (SIFs) for two dimensional crack problems using NURBSbased isogeometric analysis method is investigated. The interaction integral method is based on the path independent Jintegral. By introducing a known auxiliary field solution، the mixedmode SIFs are calculated simultaneously. Among features of Bspline basis functions، the possibility of enhancing a Bspline basis with discontinuities by means of knot insertion makes isogeometric analysis method a suitable candidate for modelling discrete cracks. Moreover، the repetition of two different control points between two patches can create a discontinuity and also demonstrates a singularity in the stiffness matrix. In the case of a predefined interface، nonuniform rational Bsplines are used to obtain an efficient discretization. Various numerical simulations for edge and center cracks demonstrate the suitability of the isogeometric analysis approach to fracture mechanics.
Keywords: NURBS, Isogeometric analysis method, Knot insertion, Interaction integral
  
 Analysis of Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer in a Rectangular Duct with Staggered Baffles Younes Menni *,Ahmed Azzi,Ali J. Chamkha,Souad Harmand Pages 231248 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1651KB]   This computational fluid dynamic analysis attempts to simulate the incompressible steady fluid flow and heat transfer in a solar air channel with wallmounted baffles. Two ?S?shaped baffles، having different orientations، i.e.، ?S?upstream and ?S?downstream، were inserted into the channel and fixed to the top and bottom walls of the channel in a periodically staggered manner to develop vortices to improve the mixing and consequently the heat transfer. The analyses are conducted with the Commercial CFD software FLUENT using the finite volume method for Reynolds number varying from 12،000 to 32،000. The numerical results are presented in terms of streamlines، velocitymagnitude، xvelocity، yvelocity، dynamic pressure coefficient، turbulent kinetic energy، turbulent viscosity، turbulent intensity، temperature field، coefficient and factor of normalized skin friction، local and average numbers of normalized Nusselt، and thermal performance factor. The insertion of the Sshaped baffles in the channel not only causes a much high friction loss، f/f0 = 3.319  32.336، but also provides a considerable augmentation in the thermal transfer rate in the channel، Nu/Nu0 = 1.939  4.582، depending on the Sbaffle orientations and the Reynolds number. The Supstream baffle provides higher friction loss and heat transfer rate than the SDownstream around 56.443 %، 55.700 %، 54.972 %، 54.289 % and 53.660 %; and 25.011 %، 23.455 %، 21.977 %، 20.626 %، and 19.414 % for Re = 12،000، 17،000، 22،000، 27،000، and 32،000، respectively. In addition، the result analysis shows that the optimum thermal performance factor is around 1.513 at the highest Reynolds number and Sdownstream.
Keywords: Mathematical modelling, Numerical simulation, Heat transfer, Rectangular channel, Sbaffles
  
 Experimental Study on the Surface Modification by Electrical Discharge Process Hadi Eivazi Bagheri,Hamid Gorji *,Mohammad Reza Shabgard,Salman Nourouzi Pages 249257 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1480KB]   The creation of modified layer on metal surfaces using new methods is one of the procedures in surface engineering which can improve the surface mechanical properties. The electrical discharge process is a new method that can form a modified layer on the metal surfaces. This study aims to improve of pure aluminum surface properties through Electrical Discharge process with Monel 400 electrode. In order to design the experiments، the pulse on time and the pulse current were considered as input parameters. The SEM images indicated that the increase in the pulse on time and the pulse current can increase the thickness of the modified layer. Based on the obtained results، the thickness of improved layer varied between 35 to 75 microns. The results of the EDX analysis showed the diffusion of the copper and nickel to the aluminum surface. Moreover، the results of microhardness testing of the surface layer showed that after Electrical discharge process، the surface hardness has increased and the surface hardness as 35 Vickers has reached more than 400 Vickers.
Keywords: Microardness, Electrical discharge, Pulse on Time, Pulse current
  
 Accuracy Assessment of Ultrasonic Cscan and Xray Radiography Methods for Impact Damage Detection in Glass Fiber Reinforced Polyester Composites Seyyed Abbas Arhamnamazi,Nasrollah Bani Mostafa Arab *,Amir Refahi Oskouei,Francesco Aymerich Pages 258268 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1341KB]   The present study introduces two quantitative parameters to compare the accuracy of ultrasonic Cscan testing and Xray radiography methods in the damaged area detection under lowvelocity impact in polymerbased composites. For this purpose، the hand layup technique of composite processing was employed to prepare the composite specimen. A composite specimen consisting of the glass fiber reinforced with the unsaturated polyester resin was considered for this investigation. The impact tests at different energy levels were carried out to create three damaged areas in this composite specimen. Because the glass/polyester specimen had a transparent surface، a digital scanner was used to obtain an ideal image of specimen representing the region and edge of the impacted areas. Two image quality factors were introduced as quantitative parameters to compare the ultrasonic Cscan and Xray radiography results with those of an ideal image. The results of this study showed that the ultrasonic Cscan is a more accurate method for inspection of the GFRP specimen.
Keywords: Composites, Damage zone, Ultrasonic Cscan, Xray Radiography
  
 Fractional Thermoelasticity Model of a 2D Problem of ModeI Crack in a FibreReinforced Thermal Environment Ashraf Zenkour *,Ahmed Abouelregal Pages 269280 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1121KB]   A model of fractionalorder of thermoelasticity is applied to study a 2D problem of modeI crack in a fibrereinforced thermal environment. The crack is under prescribed distributions of heat and pressure. The normal mode analysis is applied to deduce exact formulae for displacements، stresses، and temperature. Variations of field quantities with the axial direction are illustrated graphically. The results regarding the presence and absence of fiber reinforcement and fractional parameters are compared. Some particular cases are also investigated via the generalized thermoelastic theory. The presented results can be applied to design different fibrereinforced isotropic thermoelastic elements subjected to the thermal load in order to meet special technical requirements.
Keywords: ModeI crack, Fractionalorder theory, Thermoelasticity, Fibrereinforced, Normal mode analysis
  
 Bending and Free Vibration Analysis of Functionally Graded Plates via Optimized Nonpolynomial Higher Order Theories David Ramirez,Lizbeth Cuba,J.L. MANTARI *,RA Arciniega Pages 281298 Abstract Full Text [PDF 2030KB]   Optimization concept in the context of shear deformation theories was born for the development of accurate models to study the bending problem of structures. The present study seeks to extend such an approach to the dynamic analysis of plates. A compact and unified formulation with nonpolynomial shear strain shape functions (SSSFs) is employed to develop a static and free vibration analysis of simply supported functionally graded plates. In this context، three new nonpolynomial displacement fields are proposed using trigonometric and hyperbolic SSSFs. Then، the nonpolynomial SSSFs are optimized by varying the arguments of the trigonometric and hyperbolic functions. Additionally، the MoriTanaka approach is used to estimate the effective properties of the functionally graded plates. The Principle of Virtual Displacement (PVD) and the Hamilton’s Principle along with the Navier closedform solution technique are used to obtain exact results. The obtained numerical results are in a good agreement with 3D and 2D higher order shear deformation theory solutions available in the literature.
Keywords: Static analysis, free vibration, Shear strain shape function, Functionally graded materials, Unified formulation
  
 Thermoelastic Vibration of TemperatureDependent Nanobeams Due to Rectified Sine Wave Heating?A State Space Approach Ashraf Zenkour *,Ahmed Abouelregal Pages 299310 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1266KB]   In this study، the second type of Green and Naghdi's thermoelasticity theory is applied to present the vibration of a nanobeam subjected to rectified sine wave heating based upon the nonlocal thermoelasticity theory. Both Young's modulus and thermal conductivity are considered to be linear functions of the temperature. The Laplace transform domain is adopted to solve the governing partial differential equations using the state space approach. Numerical computations are carried out using the inverse of Laplace transforms. The effects of nonlocal parameter and angular frequency on the thermal vibration quantities are discussed. The results of all quantities are illustrated graphically and investigated.
Keywords: Green, Naghdis theory, Nanobeam, Nonlocal thermoelasticity theory, Statespace formulation, Rectified sine wave heating
  
 Effects of Thermal Diffusion and Radiation on Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Chemically Reacting Fluid Flow Past a Vertical Plate in a Slip Flow Regime M.C Raju *,Veeresh C,Varma S V K,Vijayakumar A G Pages 334343 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1201KB]   An analysis has been conceded to study the effects of Soret and thermal radiation effects on the magnetohydrodynamic convective flow of a viscous، incompressible، electrically conducting fluid with heat and mass transfer over a plate with timedependent suction velocity in a slip flow regime in the presence of firstorder chemical reaction. The slip conditions at the boundaries for the governing flow are taken for the velocity and temperature distributions and a uniform magnetic field of strength is applied normal to the flow direction. The free stream velocity is assumed to be subject to follow an exponentially small perturbation law. Analytical solutions are obtained for velocity، temperature and concentration fields for the governing partial differential equations depending on slip flow boundary circumstances by using the traditional perturbation method.
Keywords: Thermal diffusion, Porous medium, Heat, mass transfer, Chemical reaction, Slip flow regime
  
 Traveling Waves of Some Symmetric Planar Flows of NonNewtonian Fluids Dongming Wei *,Yupeng Shu Pages 344354 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1507KB]   We present some variants of Burgerstype equations for incompressible and isothermal planar flow of viscous nonNewtonian fluids based on the Cross، the Carreau and the powerlaw rheology models، and on a symmetry assumption on the flow. We numerically solve the associated traveling wave equations by using industrial data and in order to validate the models we prove existence and uniqueness of solutions to the equations. We also provide numerical estimates of the shock thickness as well as the maximum stress associated with the traveling waves.
Keywords: Burgerstype equation, Firstorder implicit ODE, Existence, uniqueness of solutions, Numerical solutions
  
 Dynamic Response Analysis of Fractionally Damped Beams Subjected to External Loads using Homotopy Analysis Method Rajarama Mohan Jena,S. Chakraverty *,Subrat Kumar Jena Pages 355366 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1525KB]   This paper examines the solution of a damped beam equation whose damping characteristics are welldefined by the fractional derivative (FD). Homotopy Analysis Method (HAM) is applied for calculating the dynamic response (DR). Unit step and unit impulse functions are deliberated for this analysis. Acquired results are illustrated to show the movement of the beam under various sets of parameters with different orders of the FDs. Here FD is defined in the Caputo sense. Obtained results have been compared with the solutions achieved by Adomian decomposition method (ADM) to show the efficiency and effectiveness of the presented method.
Keywords: Fractional damped beam, Fractional derivative, Homotopy Analysis Method, Vibration
  
 A New Quasi3D Model for Functionally Graded Plates Atteshamuddin Sayyad *,Shantaram Ghumare Pages 367380 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1769KB]   This article investigates the static behavior of functionally graded plate under mechanical loads by using a new quasi 3D model. The theory is designated as fifthorder shear and normal deformation theory (FOSNDT). Properties of functionally graded material are graded across the transverse direction by using the rule of mixture i.e. powerlaw. The effect of thickness stretching is considered to develop the present theory. In this theory، axial and transverse displacement components respectively involve fifthorder and fourthorder shape functions to evaluate shear and normal strains. The theory involves nine unknowns. Zero transverse shear stress conditions are satisfied by employing constitutive relations. Analytical solutions are obtained by implementing the double Fourier series technique. The results predicted by the FOSNDT are compared with existing results. It is pointed out that the present theory is helpful for accurate structural analysis of isotropic and functionally graded plates compared to other plate models.
Keywords: FOSNDT, FG plate, Static behavior, Shear deformation, Thickness stretching
  
 On the Use of Acoustic Emission and Digital Image Correlation for Welded Joints Damage Characterization Kadhum Shrama *,Safaa Al,Jumaili,Rhys Pullin,Alastair Clarke,Sam Evans Pages 381389 Abstract Full Text [PDF 896KB]   A series of tests have been conducted to investigate fatigue damage characterization in corroded welded steel plates using structural health monitoring (SHM) techniques. Acoustic Emission (AE) is a nondestructive testing (NDT) technique with potential applications for locating and monitoring fatigue cracks in service. In the present work، AE is implemented to characterize damage during crack evolution. It is considered to be based on the relationship between RA value (the rise time divided by the amplitude) and the average frequency of the recorded data. Results are confirmed by visual observation of the crack geometry at the end of the test and by Digital image correlation (DIC) measurements. It is seen that the obtained results allow a better understanding of such damage mechanisms، and enabling an early warning against final failure. Thus، ensuring the safety and integrity of the structures is feasible.
Keywords: Fatigue, Welded steel, Damage characterization, Acoustic Emission, Digital Image Correlation
  
 Effect of Exponentially Variable Viscosity and Permeability on Blasius Flow of Carreau Nano Fluid over an Electromagnetic Plate through a Porous Medium A K Abdul Hakeem,M.K. Nayak *,O D Makinde Pages 390401 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1245KB]   The present investigation draws scholars' attention to the effect of exponential variable viscosity modeled by Vogel and variable permeability on stagnation point flow of Carreau Nanofluid over an electromagnetic plate through a porous medium. Brownian motion and thermophoretic diffusion mechanism are taken into consideration. An efficient fourthorder RK method along with shooting technique are implemented to obtain the required solution of the nondimensional modeled equations. The contribution of the present study is that augmented electromagnetic field strength due to the suitable arrangement of the plate and that of porosity parameter yield an accelerated motion while that of viscosity parameter produces retarded motion of shearthickening fluid، contrary to shearthinning fluid. At the same time، it discusses the inclusion of porous matrix which controls the thermal as well as concentration boundary layers، while enhanced Brownian motion exhibits diametrically opposite trend for them in response to shearthickening fluid.
Keywords: Vogel?s viscosity model, Variable Permeability, Blasius flow, Carreau Nanofluid, Electromagnetic plate
  
 Axial and Torsional Free Vibrations of Elastic NanoBeams by StressDriven TwoPhase Elasticity Andrea Apuzzo,Raffaele Barretta *,Francesco Fabbrocino,S. Ali Faghidian,Raimondo Luciano,Francesco Marotti De Sciarra Pages 402413 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1830KB]   Sizedependent longitudinal and torsional vibrations of nanobeams are examined by twophase mixture integral elasticity. A new and efficient elastodynamic model is conceived by convexly combining the local phase with strain and stressdriven purely nonlocal phases. The proposed stressdriven nonlocal integral mixture leads to wellposed structural problems for any value of the scale parameter. Effectiveness of stressdriven mixture is illustrated by analyzing axial and torsional free vibrations of cantilever and doubly clamped nanobeams. The local/nonlocal integral mixture is conveniently replaced with an equivalent differential law equipped with higherorder constitutive boundary conditions. Exact solutions of fundamental natural frequencies associated with strain and stressdriven mixtures are evaluated and compared with counterpart results obtained by strain gradient elasticity theory. The provided new numerical benchmarks can be effectively employed for modelling and design of NanoElectroMechanicalSystems (NEMS).
Keywords: Free vibrations, Nonlocal integral elasticity, Mixtures, Size effects, HellingerReissner variational principle, Analytical modelling
  
 Isogeometric Topology Optimization of Continuum Structures using an Evolutionary Algorithm N.S.S. Sahithi,K.N.V. Chandrasekhar * Pages 414440 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1929KB]   Topology optimization has been an interesting area of research in recent years. The main focus of this paper is to use an evolutionary swarm intelligence algorithm to perform Isogeometric Topology optimization of continuum structures. A twodimensional plate is analyzed statically and the nodal displacements are calculated. The nodal displacements using Isogeometric analysis are found to be in good agreement with the nodal displacements acquired by standard finite element analysis. The sizing optimization of the beam is then performed. In order to determine the stress at each point in the beam a formulation is presented. The optimal crosssection dimensions by performing Isogeometric analysis are acquired and verified with the crosssection dimensions achieved by hiring bending stress and shear stress criteria، as well. The topology optimization of a twodimensional simply supported plate continuum and a problem on threedimensional continuum are optimized and presented. The results show that the minimum weight which is found by applying Isogeometric topology optimization gives better results compared to the traditional finite element analysis.
Keywords: Swarm Intelligence, Nature Inspired, Isogeometric Analysis, Topology Optimization, NURBS
  
 Variable Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Radiation Effect on the Motion of a Micro Polar Fluid over an Upper Surface G. Sarojamma *,R. Vijaya Lakshmi,P.V. Satya Narayana,K. Vajravelu Pages 441453 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1643KB]   The intent of this analysis is to explore the influence of thermal radiation paired with variable thermal conductivity on MHD micropolar fluid flow over an upper surface. The novelty of the present model is to consider the fluid flow along an upper horizontal surface of a paraboloid of revolution (uhspr) with the porous medium. This physical phenomenon is described by a set of coupled nonlinear ODEs by using suitable scaling analysis. The ODEs along with the boundary conditions are solved numerically. Influence of various flow parameters on momentum، thermal and concentration boundary layers is discussed graphically. It is noticed that the variable thickness of the surface has a leading consequence on the boundary layer progression along the surface. Moreover، the results of this study are not only useful for industrial applications but also present a basic understanding of the physical model.
Keywords: Micropolar fluid, variable thermal conductivity, thermal radiation, paraboloid of revolution
  
 An Efficient Numerical Method to Solve the Boundary Layer Flow of an EyringPowell NonNewtonian Fluid Mehdi Delkhosh *,Kourosh Parand,Davood Domiri Ganji Pages 454467 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1314KB]   In this paper، the boundary layer flow of an EyringPowell nonNewtonian fluid over a linearly stretching sheet is solved using the combination of the quasilinearization method and the Fractional order of Rational Chebyshev function (FRC) collocation method on a semiinfinite domain. The quasilinearization method converts the equation into a sequence of linear equations then، using the FRC collocation method، these linear equations are solved. The governing nonlinear partial differential equations are reduced to the nonlinear ordinary differential equation by similarity transformations. The physical significance of the various parameters of the velocity profile is investigated through graphical figures. An accurate approximation solution is obtained and the convergence of numerical results is shown.
Keywords: Boundary layer flow, Fractional order of rational Chebyshev functions, Quasilinearization method, EyringPowell fluid, Stretching sheet, Nonlinear ODE
  
 Melting Heat Transfer and Radiation Effects on Jeffrey Fluid Flow over a Continuously Moving Surface with a Parallel Free Stream D Harish Babu,P.V. Satya Narayana * Pages 468476 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1193KB]   This article is proposed to address the melting heat transfer of a Jeffrey fluid in Blasius and Sakiadis flow caused due to a moving surface. Thermal radiation and a constant free stream are considered in this mathematical model. The nonlinear coupled dimensionless equations from the governing equations are attained by employing appropriate similarity transformations. The resulting dimensionless equations are solved by implementing RKF method. The impact of sundry emerging parameters on different flow fields are interpreted with the help of figures and tables. For augmented values of Deborah number، the velocity profile diminishes in the case of Blasius flow and the reverse behavior in the Sakiadis flow is observed. Moreover، the velocity of nonNewtonian liquid in case of Blasius flow is superior to that of the Sakiadis flow. The present work is demonstrated by matching with the computational results in the literature and found to be outstanding agreement.
Keywords: Jeffrey fluid, Blasius flow, Sakiadis flow, Melting heat transfer, Radiation
  
 HygroThermal Nonlinear Analysis of a Functionally Graded Beam Seref Doguscan Akbas * Pages 477485 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1295KB]   Nonlinear behavior of a functionally graded cantilever beam is analyzed under nonuniform hygrothermal effect. To solve this problem، finite element method is applied within plane solid continua. Total Lagrangian approach is utilized in the nonlinear kinematic relations. NewtonRaphson method with incremental displacement is used in nonlinear solution. Comparison study is performed. Effects of material distribution، temperature and moisture changes on nonlinear deflections of the functionally graded beam are presented and discussed.
Keywords: Functionally Graded Beam, HygroThermal Loading, Nonlinear Analysis, Total Lagrangian Finite Element Method
  
 ScaleDependent Dynamic Behavior of NanowireBased Sensor in Accelerating Field Alireza Yekrangi,Mojtaba Yaghobi *,Mehran Riazian,Ali Koochi Pages 486497 Abstract Full Text [PDF 1943KB]   The accelerating fields (e. g. centrifugal acceleration and constant acceleration) can change the physical performance of nanosensors significantly. Herein، a new sizedependent model is developed to investigate the scaledependent dynamic behavior of nanowirefabricated sensor operated in an accelerating field. The scaledependent equation of motion is developed by employing a consolidation of the strain gradient elasticity (SGE) and the Gurtin–Murdoch theory (GMT). A semianalytical solution is extracted for calculating the stability parameters. Effects of different phenomena including centrifugal force، microstructure dependency، surface layer، lengthscaleparameter، dispersion forces، squeezed film damping on the dynamic stability parameters are demonstrated.
Keywords: Nanowire, Accelerating field, Strain gradient elasticity, Dynamic instability, Surface energies
  
تاريخ انتشار: 12/1/98 تلفن: 33330010 (061)
تاريخ درج در سايت: 28/1/98
شمار بازديدکنندگان اين شماره: 29




