The Cost-benefit Analysis on Screening Congenital Hypothyroeidism in Qazvin City live Born in 2008
BackgroundAn evaluation and economic analysis for one of decision criteria about prioritising services has been provided.
Objectivethis research was done to present a cost- benefit analysis on screening congenital hypothyroidism in Qazvin city live births born in 2007.
MethodsThis study was a cross-sectional descriptive type on treatment and health care system. the study population was all live births in Qazvin city. In order to calculate the costs, unit cost method was used and the resulting benefit was obtained by distracting total direct costs of screening in 3 parts and direct costs of treating identified patients from direct cost of caring patients in the statewelfare organization in case of non screening. For analysis of data statistical methods and software Excel 2007 were used.
Resultsin this study 8456 people from Qazvin city live births were examined in order to screen and diagnose congenital hypothyroidism. Direct costs of screening in 3 parts were calculated as 266220000 rials. in this part of study, 18 patients were identified indicating an incidence of 2.8 per 1000 live births. direct costs of treating the identified patients. was calculated as 54571500 rials. By distracting cost of identified patient from total cost of caring affected children in pensions and welfare centres (316800000 rials) the resulted ratio of obtained to costs was 9.6 to 1.
Conclusionbenefits obtained from screening congenital hypothyroidism are significant aespite the costs of this process.Continuation of this plan in various regions of Iran leads to decrease in economic, burden on society.
Journal of Medical Council of Iran, Volume:30 Issue:1, 2012
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