The Seljuks Policy to the Conquest of Romans territories In Caucasus and Anatolia
The arrival of Seljuks and the Turkmen tribesmen in the fifth century AD in the Islamic territories، and expanding their invasion to eastern borders of Byzantine was one of the important events، which soon to stop Byzantine invasions on territories of Islamic societies. The confrontation of Muslim Seljuks with the Byzantine Empire Apart from the political conflict was the religious and ideological conflict، in the form of holy war as "jihad" and "Ghza". Conquering the Christian states of the Caucasus and Anatolia and spread of Islam in these regions was the most important result of the victory of Seljuks and Turkmen tribes against the Byzantine. During the governing of Tugrul Beg and Alparsalan، The earlier Seljuk Sultans، the Caucasus and East Anatolia Christian Emirate، Such as Armenia and Georgia and Abkhazia was Conquered. After the Malazgird conquest، especially during the reign of Malikshah the Central Anatolia and Antakya as a center of Christian culture and civilization was captured By the Seljuks and the Turkmen tribes. After those conquests and in the near future، Anatolia as a center of Christian culture and civilization was transformed to the residence of Turkmens and expansion of Islam.
Journal of Iranian Islamic Period History, Volume:2 Issue:4, 2012
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