Theory of Social Understanding of Statutes; Principles, Application
The theory of Muḥammad Jawād Mughniya entitled “social understanding of statutes”، is the evolved mechanism for the refinement of the basis of a ruling (tanqīḥ-i manāṭ) in legal reasoning (ijtihād) process، which has been developed according to such principles and criteria as objectives of sharī‘a، convention، and contextual manifestation. Heeding the objectives of sharī‘a، in view of the temporal and spatial elements، creates a type of definite proportion between the subject and the ordinance and maintains a manifestation for the context of the lawmaker’s speech، which will be valid on the basis of the rational principle of the authority of manifestation. The modern conventional understanding of the subject mentioned in the context of traditions annuls the specification and provides the jurisprudent with the chance to interpret and expand the subject and manage to discover the primary ordinances about it. The theory of “social understanding of statutes” applies to that category of legal ordinances that are both devised on the basis of social interests of human beings rather than their human nature and the lack of evidence denoting the non-interpretation of statute. Thus، devotional ordinances lie outside the limits of this rule and the theory is executable in social and transactional issues within its conditions. One of the most important outcomes of this theory is that the existing statutes and traditions have the capacity to be issued for most of the new subjects، just like the primary ordinance، without falling into the maelstrom of analogy or appealing too much to the secondary topics; an outcome that، according to Shahīd Ṣadr، unravels a great complication in jurisprudence.
Islamic Jurisprudence & Its Principles, No. 90, 2013
روش‌های دسترسی به متن این مطلب
اشتراک شخصی
در سایت عضو شوید و هزینه اشتراک یک‌ساله سایت به مبلغ 300,000ريال را پرداخت کنید. همزمان با برقراری دوره اشتراک بسته دانلود 100 مطلب نیز برای شما فعال خواهد شد!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی همه کاربران به متن مطالب خریداری نمایند!