The Agency of God from the Perspectives of Molla-Sadra and
One of the main theistic questions is the question of God's agency. His agency, like the agency of any other agent, is completely related with his knowledge of his action, which is another main question in theology. God's agency has been recognized by Muslim philosophers from the very first creation of Islamic philosophy. One of the main theories in this regard is the theory of agent-by-foreknowledge. One of the believers of this theory is Ibn-Sina. Molla-Sadra has also accepted it and has changed some parts of it. The theory of the mystics is another theory posed in this regard. They believe God is agent-by-self-manifestation; His action is his manifestation. Molla-Sadra has accepted this theory as well and believes there is no contradiction between this theory and the theory of agent-byforeknowledge. Allamah Tabatabai has accepted the two theories as well; yet in his accepted theory of agent-by-foreknowledge, God's will does not return to his knowledge rather his will is an active attribute. This is the main difference between his theory and Molla-Sadra's theory in this regard.
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