The Different Kinds of Confrontation of Religious Theology with Experimental Sciences A generalized model of Barber's View regarding the relation between science and religion
Religious theology is a knowledge which rationally thinks about religion. When it confronts experimental sciences it has passed – and will pass – through various paths and models. The most famous model presented in this regard is the Ryan Barber's model which has divided this confrontation into four levels: contradiction, independence, cooperation, and unity. On the other hand the new approaches posed in experimental sciences are part of the scientific theories which discuss the basic matters of the universe; the characteristics of these approaches are: avoiding the concept of "God of the gaps", avoiding the intervention in the domain of experimental sciences, and at the same time attempting to present a rational and deistical interpretation of it. Emphasizing on the intrinsic restrictions of experimental sciences or on the restricted domain of scientific knowledge, a new perspective regarding the kind of confrontation of religious theology and experimental science is formed. Based on Barber's model and the new approach to natural theology, I will try to model the different kinds of confrontation of religious theology with experimental sciences in this article; in other words I will generalize and reform Barber's model considering the new approaches in natural theology.
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