Efficacy of Attention Rehabilitation in Decreasing Selective Attention and Sustained Attention Deficits in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Patients

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive disease of the CNS that is characterized by widespread lesions in the brain and spinal cord. Cognitive impairment is a common concomitant of MS. MS often affects attentional complex tasks of selective and sustained attention. Few study investigated on efficacy of attention rehabilitation for decrease of attention deficits in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. The present study investigated the efficacy attention rehabilitation for decrease of selective attention and sustained attention deficits in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients.The study was conducted in single-subject designs with A/B model and follow- up. Six subjects secondary Progressive MS (SPMS) were selected with adjective sample. Attention variables include, selective and sustained attention that evaluated at various stages baseline, inventory and follow-up using Continues Performance Test (CPT) and Stroop Test.Attention rehabilitation program was conducted with flash cart and pencil-paper that composed of structured tasks. Participants received attention rehabilitation sessions three times a week over 21 sessions. Total time training was about 45 minutes. The required data were analyzed via visual analysis and decrease mean percentage Besides, Cohen s d effect size was also obtained.All of the subjects showed improvement in selective attention and sustained attention. Decrease mean percentages and effect sizes were high for all measures.These findings suggest that attention rehabilitation decrease selective attention and sustained attention deficits in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients.
Modern psychological research, Volume:7 Issue: 26, 2012
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