The construction and norm-finding of rating scale in elderly stressors
Background And AimThe aim of the present study is to construct and norm-find a rating scale in elderly stressors
Material And MethodWe prepared a checklist including 100 items based on stressors scales and questionnaires، elderly problem checklists، sciences index and reference، interview with professional experts and elderly. The checklist was reduce to 45 items after review by experts and then to 40 items after initial analyses (pilot execution). Our Research population was total Elderly aged above 60 years old that had used insurance services in the year 1390. Sample sizes of 300 were selected by purposeful sampling and were interviewed by the use of target scale. 30 elderly of the sampling were retested by the target scale and test by holms and rahe scale and GHQ after 2 weeks.
Results And DiscussionData analyses shows 6 factors that explain 68. 47% of the total variance. The scale validity approved by content validity and correlation between scale scores and GHQ subscales confirmed construct validity of the scale. Scales reliability estimated by variety of methods، by Cronbach’s alpha is 0. 95، by spearman brown is 0. 84، test-retest is 0. 79 and by pair form shows 0. 81. Scale’s cut off point classify elderly in 5 category in term of intensity of stress include very low، low، moderate، sever and very sever. We recommend using this scale with confidence in research and screen purpose or other situation.
Iranian Journal of Ageing, Volume:8 Issue:28, 2013
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