The explanation of religious science in Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr's view

One of the first theories of Islamic humanities is proposed by Mohammad Baqir al-Sadr as "religious science". al-Sadr has also applied it on the field of Islamic economics. The theory shows that changeable phenomena, is not the mission of Islam as a religion, but it is a duty of science. Islam is assigned to design basic foundation and framework for constructing the society, and the perspective toward which the society should move. As long as "science" would be purely descriptive, it cannot be described as Islamic or non-Islamic, because it would only discuss the external and experimental realities which are occurring or have already occurred. However, if a society's dimensions are realized Islamic-based, scholars can then study that society from different aspects and dimensions, thereby discussing its phenomena and their relationships and the results. The knowledge emerged from the nature of such phenomena under study, and the analysis of such a society, is the Islamic science, which in fact has the responsibility to explain the phenomena and their relationships in an Islamic society.The theme for recognizing Al-Sadr's viewpoint in this paper is his ideas about religion and Islamic school, the process of achieving them, the method of applying them on social totality and the way they are observed and analyzed. Iqtisaduna (Our Economics) is the most significant of his works in which he has explicitly focused on the relation between Islam and economics. He has also established a base for generalizing this theory in the bookentitled "al-Madrasah al-Quraniyyah" (The Quranic School).
Sophia Perennis, Volume:8 Issue: 3, 2012
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