Five Organizational Citizenship Behavior dimensionsin midwives of Lorestan University of Medical sciences in 2012
BackgroundOrganizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) is defined as “individual behavior that is discretionary، not directly or explicitly recognized by the formal reward system، and that in the aggregate promotes the effective functioning of the organization.” The concept of organizational citizenship behavior، despite the highly importance especially in the midwifery، has received a little attention in the literature. This research was aimed to study OCB among midwives in Lorestan province.
MethodsThis cross-sectional، descriptive study was conducted among 384 midwives working in state hospitals and health centers in Lorestan recruitedby a multi stage cluster sampling. The respondents were asked to complete Podsak off organizational citizenship behavior questionnaire which encompasses five dimensions of OCB including sportsmanship، civil virtue، conscientiousness، altruism and courtesy. The data obtained was analyzed by using SPSS21 software.
ResultsThe results of this research showed that most of the respondents had desirable total Organizational Citizenship Behavior. The quality of dimensions of conscientiousness and courtesy were desirable while the quality of sportsmanship، civil virtue and altruism were relatively desirable.
ConclusionThis research demonstrates the existence of high level of OCB among the midwives. The results can be used for furtherdevelopmentof health management strategies for enhancement of OCB. Researchers hope that the results of this study provide new possibilities for future studies to assess work ethic and organizational citizenship behavior (definition، related factors and outcomes).
Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences, Volume:1 Issue:3, 2012
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