The Effects of Duration of Olive Leaf Extract Administrationon Ischemia-induced Arrhythmias Rats
PurposeMany studies have investigated the cardioprotective effects of olive leaf extract (OLE). None, however, has reported its antiarrhythmic role for in vivo model arrhythmia. This study aimed at investigating the antiarrhythmic effect of OLE andassessing the duration of its use inanesthetized rats.
Materials And MethodsForty eight male Wistar rats were divided into six groups of eight. All groups-except group one (the control group)- received OLE (200 mg/kg/day, orally) for 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28 days, respectively. Then, their left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) was occluded for 30 min under general anesthesia and artificial respiratory support. Direct blood pressure and electrocardiogram (ECG) were continuously monitored before and during the ischemia.
ResultsThe data showed that severity of arrhythmia including ventricular ectopic beats, incidence of ventricular tachycardia (VT), and ventricular fibrillation (VF) reduced significantly in groups that received OLE for at least 14 days. Also, the number and duration of VT and VF episodes decreased significantly in groups five and six, especially the group that received OLE for 28 days.
ConclusionThese results show that oral administration of OLE could induce antiarrhythmic effect, if used for more than seven days. Further studies are required to determine the effects of different doses and durations and cellular mechanisms of OLE.
Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Volume:22 Issue:95, 2013
57 - 64
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