The study of Knowledge, Attitude and practice of Pregnant Moders abut consumption of milk and dairy products in Yazd
IntroductionMilk and dairy products for their quality and quantity of nutrients are the most basic nutritional substances for pregnant and lactating mothers and can best meet the needs of mothers and their fetuses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers about milk and dairy products in the city of Yazd.
MethodsThis is a descriptive and cross-sectional study involving 254 pregnant women which was conducted in Yazd. Our data were collected by a researcher- made questionnaire based on demographic variables and questions about knowledge, attitude and practice. The data were analyzed by SPSS18, using descriptive and inferential tests.
ResultsMean of maternal age was 26.8 ± 4.98 years, and 50.8% of them were in their first pregnancy. The knowledge of 39.8% of the mothers about using the dairy was appropriate and the attitude of 13.8% of women in this area was good.Only practice of 6.3% of mothers in milk and dairy consumption was based on recommended values. There was no significant difference between milk consumption among pregnancy and non pregnancy condition of the participants. In addition, a significant relationship was found between the levels of their education and awareness. According to the findings, there was no significant correlation between their knowledge and attitude.
ConclusionThe results of this study showed that mother's level of knowledge and attitude is moderate on milk and dairy products and pregnant women's consumption of them is less than the recommended minimum. Therefore, to improve the health of mothers and their children who make future of each society it is urgent to include promoting nutritional awareness of mothers especially on consumption of milk and dairy products.
Tolooe Behdasht, Volume:13 Issue:2, 2014
58 - 71
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