Strategies for the Fight against Smuggling Goods at the Supply Level
Smuggling, nowadays, has been imposed like a plague on the economic, social, political and cultural life of many countries including Iran. The study of smuggling requires serious investigations and single-dimensional fight against it can make it more complicated as such that this ugly phenomenon on the one hand has had its roots in the economic motives for making profits in the trade and business where the lack f structural balance in this area has intensified its expanse and on the other hand, some of the social peculiarities have also been turned into a suitable field for the spread of smuggling activities which unfortunately have caused an increase in the lack of development in the border areas and economic poverty. Such negative developments have made the area susceptible for committing the crime of smuggling. Also, from the sociological point of view, the smuggling phenomenon in recent years have lead into the formation of new groups and social thoughts which has no special place in the society. One of the important effects of smuggling is the emergence of income disparity and classification inequality in the society. Also, the emergence of smuggling as one of the symptoms of economic disease has created some concerns for the country’s politicians and economic planners. Next to this problem, there are also problems such as unemployment, a decline in income, and the immigration of manpower especially to the border areas have pushed the country towards illegal activities. Therefore, for confronting and combating this unfortunate smuggling phenomenon, we can reinforce the foundation and the culture of production, the improvement of social welfare system, protection of jobs and national production and the related organizations should also unite together to combat this problem by coordination of their efforts. To reach this goal, the legal barriers should be eliminated. The society should create jobs and provide trainings, production and consumption of quality products should become a necessity. People’s tendency in the consumption of luxurious items should be curbed and replaced with the culture of using the right products. Manpower’s working efficiency should be increased in order to reach the ultimate goal of control and organization of the conditions for the fight against smuggling goods.