The Elements of Fantasy Literature in the Novel of «Derakht-e Anjir-e Maabed»
Fantasy literature has been raised in the field of literary criticism. In this kind of literary we face events that the reader at first glance cannot decide which of these events is true or false. Throughout the novel the reader finds out the events that occur are real and consider the events as natural by the rational justification and considering some conditions. Fantasy literature is placed in structural and content areas and people like Todrov in structure and Freud such in psychological and content discussion as those discussed defined and explained it. Both of theorists knew doubt and fear as the main features of fantasy literature. Fear and doubt exist in the reader, the narrator and the characters. Doubt is a notion that Todorov emphasizes on it, while Freud considers fears more. The authors of this paper analyze the structure and content of the novel "Derakht-e Anjir-e Maabed" written by Ahmad Mahmoud with regard to fantasy literature. For analyzing the novel, first the totality of the work described incompliance with the fantasy literature, as well as the conditions and justifications for the fantasy literature that Todorov distinguishes are studied in this paper, then the elements and techniques of fiction novel comply with fantasy literature reviewed and analyzed. Among these elements and techniques, the kind of describing characters, point of view, and focal disruption represent the doubt of character, and stream of consciousness, contents, association of meanings, and contrast gives the reader the chance to realize the doubt in characters and the text in his impressions. The results show that there is a variety of hesitance in this novel, hesitance of reader and hesitance of narrator and character. So the novel "Derakht-e Anjir-e Maabed" proves well to belong to the fantasy literature because of prominent the feature of doubt, occurrence of strange events, and specific narrative in connection with elements of story.
Journal of Research in Persian Language and Literature, Volume:15 Issue:29, 2015
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