Fabrication and Characterization of Nickel Ferrite Based Inert Anodes for Aluminum Electrolysis
Nickel ferrite based cermets and their relevant composites have been widely used as inert anodes for aluminum electrolysis due to their good combination of chemical resistance، thermal stability and mechanical properties. In this study، various NiO/NiFe2O4 composites consisting of 5، 10 and 15% NiO in conjunction with Cu/NiFe2O4 cermets containing 0. 5، 10 and 15% Cu were prepared by powder metallurgy method. The degradation resistance of the developed inert composites was examined under hot corrosion condition by plunging samples in to the molten electrolyte at 1000ºC. The strength، toughness، hardness، relative density، microstructural observation، phase analysis and electrical resistivity were evaluated by 3-points bending tests، Vickers method، Archimedes method، scanning electron microscope، x-ray diffraction and conventional direct current four-probe techniques، respectively. The experimental results for NiO/NiFe2O4 composites showed that a significant improvement of toughness and degradation resistance continuously occurred with a moderate decrease in strength by increasing NiO content، while the relative density was increased only up to 5%NiO content. By increasing the Cu content in the cermet samples، all the properties such as strength، toughness and electrical conductivity were improved considerably but the degradation resistance decreased.
Journal of Advanced Materials in Engineering, Volume:33 Issue:3, 2015
125 - 140
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