Science Museums and Cultural Capital

This paper aims to examine the impact of museums, especially science museums and science centers on formation, growth and development of cultural capital in the society. In order to achieve this goal first, in the theoretical basics section, with an overview of the history of the formationand changes in the role and functions of museums through history, the educational role of museums as one of the most important roles of museums especially in science museums has been emphasized. Then by elaborating and extending the concept of cultural capital and by enumeratingits functions and effects on society, varieties of cultural capital categories have been offered.Then by citation analysis and deductive approach the relationships, roles and impacts of science centers and science museums in the formation of cultural capital and consequently in the scientific and cultural development of the country has been described.Finally, based on obtained results some suggestion are recommended for improving the performance of science and technology museums and science centers for development of cultural capital in society and in achieving sustainable development.
Journal of the Popularization of Science, Volume:5 Issue: 6, 2015
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