Study of the Prevalence of Cervical Cancer among Married Wemon in Arak 2013
BackgroundCervical cancer is the third most common genital malignancy in women. In majority of developing countries the prevalence of this malignancy is high. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of cervical cancer among married wemon in Arak.
Materials And MethodsThis cross-sectional and analytical study was carried out on 1000 married women. Demographic variables involving age, literacy, history of hysterectomy, nutrition statute, marriage age, history of abortion, smoking habits, etc were filled by questioners. Then Pap smear was done in all subjects and specimens were sent to the pathobiology laboratory. The data were analyzed with SPSS statistical software.
ResultsThe mean age of studied subjects was 39.38±10.1, the most freqrency of marriage once was 459(45%), the mean age of marriage was17.9±10.3, the mean age of first sexual intercourse was 15.1 (9.2%), the most frequency of the numbers of peregnancy was 2.6±2.1, and the mean times of abortion once was 153(15.3%). In this study, the prevalence of cervical cancer was 0.004(4 per 1000). There was a significant correlation between age, hysterectomy the time of marriage and painful sextual intercourse and cervical cancer (p<0.005). There was no statistically significant relation between smoking, food diet, pregnancy prevention drugs and the other variables of the study of cervical cancer (p>0.005).
ConclusionWith attention to high prevalence of cervical cancer, promoting education and knowledge about the importance and necessity of pap smear and risk factors of cervical cancer and encouraging marriaged women to take part in screening programs is necessary.
Arak Medical University Journal, Volume:18 Issue:4, 2015
65 - 70
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