Fauna of adult Anopheles mosquitoes around the Shadegan wetland
Shadegan wetland is a suitable ecology for Anopheles activity. Anopheles mosquitoes are important vectors of plasmodium species, filariasis and causing agents of encephalitis. Studies have shown that at least 7 species which are important in malaria transmission are present in Iran. From these species An. maculipenis is more distributed in southern Iran than other species.
Materials And Methods
In the present study which performed in the spring, autumn and winter 2009 and 2013, from 5 different zones around the Shadegan wetland, 3884 mosquitoes were gathered with sucking tube and New Jersey trap and diagnosed according to the diagnostic keys.
From trapped mosquitos 440 of them were Anopheles spp. which 330 (75%) were An. pulcherimus, 82 (18/63%) An. hyrancus, 22 (5%) An. stephenci and 6 (1/36%) An. turkhudi
An. stephenci has been reported as a vector of malaria in Iran. Such studies need further attempts for understanding the distribution of mosquitoes and infectious agents and also case reports of related diseases.
Journal of zabol university of medical sciences and health services, Volume:7 Issue:2, 2015
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