Using 360-degree multi-source feedback to evaluate professionalism in surgery departments: An Iranian perspective
Medical professionalism helps physicians adopt a proper and good healing action for the patients based on their particular circumstance. This study was conducted to assess professionalism in surgical residents, using a 360-degree evaluation technique in several teaching hospitals in Tehran, Iran.
This study was conducted on all the second and third year surgery residents from three university teaching hospitals in Tehran. Multi-source feedback questionnaire contained 10 questions on the residents’ professional behavior and was completed by the faculty and staff members (nurses, operation room staff, and medical assistants) as well as other surgery residents, interns and patients to evaluate each resident. Response rates were used to determine feasibility for each of the respondent groups and the mean and standard deviation score for each question was computed to determine the viability of the items. Reliability was assessed using alpha Cronbach coefficient for each respondent group. The correlation between these scores and the residents’ final and OSCE grade was also assessed.
The internal consistency reliability for 360-degree rating was 0.889. There was no significant difference in the residents’ score in different hospitals. While male residents obtained higher total score, there was no significant difference between them. The residents, however, obtained lower scores compared to the staff. The highest score was recorded for question 6, suggesting that the residents treated the patients regardless of their socioeconomic status.
This study revealed a strong agreement between the results gathered from different respondents, confirming the reliability of the questionnaire and the respondents’ unbiased response. It also revealed that the residents did well in the whole test, showing they were conscientious and learning to become medical professionals.
Medical Journal Of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume:29 Issue:1, 2015
1088 - 1094  
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