Investigation Prerequisite Skills (Phonemic Awareness and Naming Speed) for Reading in Preschool Children in Mashhad

Message:
Abstract:
Aim
Reading is one of the acquired skills of human beings, which is based on basic language abilities. The acquisition of these prerequisite reading skills (phonological awareness and naming speed), in addition to reading, have a fundamental impact on speech and language development, as well as learning and academic performance. As a result, the child will be able to express the contents of their mind with more speed and thoroughness. The aim of this study was to assess the reading prerequisite skills, i. e phonological awareness and naming speed, in preschool children.
Methods
This study is cross-sectional. The population of the study is 80 Farsi speaking 5-6 years old preschoolers, Stratified cluster random sampling among preschool centers located in four regions: North, East, West and South of Mashhad was done. Variables including age, gender, phonological combining, phonemic analysis, the first word phoneme detection, last word phoneme diagnosis, syllable counting, recounting the word, phoneme recognition playoff, the first syllable recognition and rapid naming (frequency images). Tehrani 1380 test was used, and the statistical analyses was conducted by SPSS 21 software and the tests ShapiroWilk, Mann-Whitney, and Spearman correlation
Results
The normality test results showed that, except for naming speed, all the other quantitative variables do not show a normal distribution pattern (p<0.05).The sole significant difference between boys and girls was more first word phoneme detection in girls than boys (p=0.035). After stratification for the confounding factors age and sex, there was a significant reverse correlation between the first word phoneme recognition and rapid naming (r=0.404)
Conclusion
Based on the present results, speech pathologists can be advised that difficulty in phonological awareness, in the ages 5-6, does not necessitate a therapeutic intervention that includes naming speed.
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Speech-Language & Communication Disorders, Volume:4 Issue: 2, 2014
Page:
65
magiran.com/p1483282  
دانلود و مطالعه متن این مقاله با یکی از روشهای زیر امکان پذیر است:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 1,390,000ريال می‌توانید 70 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
توجه!
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.
In order to view content subscription is required

Personal subscription
Subscribe magiran.com for 70 € euros via PayPal and download 70 articles during a year.
Organization subscription
Please contact us to subscribe your university or library for unlimited access!