Investigation patterns of natural components in the creation of urban identity (case study: Shahr-e-Babak)
In recent decades with the development of industry and technology، growth and development of cities are also thriving. Urbanism and architecture today، regardless of climate، culture and geographic location are being formed similarly in different places. The consequences of neglect to the identity of cities include creation of artificial environments and meaningless، reduction of social interaction، and citizens’ apathy towards their living environment. In this regard، this study was conducted to identify and analyze the components of Shahr-e-Babak identity. The research method is descriptive-analytical. The data collected through questionnaires were analyzed using SPSS software and statistical methods such as frequency distribution، Tavkndal Bi test، and spearman correlation coefficients. The residents’ interest in Shahr-e-Babak was measured using The Likert Scale and in total، 45. 8% of respondents had expressed a lot of interest in Shahr-e-babak، which was much higher than expected. In assessing the relationship between the duration of residence and inhabitants’ sense of belong to the place، the significance level of Kendall tau-b correlation is 0. 00; therefore، the correlation between the two variables is confirmed. On the other hand، Kendall''s tau-b correlation coefficient equals 0. 191 respectively. This means that the test is based on the relationship between the two variables، as there are positive. Almost 19 percent of the dependent variable (sense of belonging to the place) is affected by the independent variable (the duration of residence). In order to identify the identity component of Shahr-e-Babak and assessing of its significance from the perspective of residents، 19 components in various aspects of natural، physical، cultural، economic، etc. were considered. The results of the evaluation of the importance of identity component of inhabitants’ views suggest that Meymand village، copper and turquoise mines are the most significant identity components of Shahr-e-Babak and the lowest percentage is dedicated to City River. In order to consider the relationship between gender and education of residents in selecting identity component، kendall''s tau، gamma، and Somer’s d were used. In all three tests، the significance level of sig is equal and is more than 0. 05; therefore، the null hypothesis is confirmed and there is no relationship between education and identity components.
Journal of Urban Landscape Research, Volume:2 Issue:4, 2016
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