Comparative Study Of Persian Garden Landscape Pattern Versus Four Kinds Of Therapeutic Gardens
A therapeutic garden design objective is to create specific environment for health promotion by doing therapeutic activities. The gardens promote all three dimensions of health: physical، mental، and social. According to this، therapeutic gardens are divided into four categories: meditative gardens focused on improving mental health، healing gardens focused on regaining health by sensory experience of nature، restorative gardens focused on improving social health and enabling gardens focused on improving physical health. Meditative gardens are specifically designed to allow individuals to quietly reflect in thought process. Healing gardens promote physical، psychological، and spiritual dimensions of health. The main purpose of restorative gardens is to allow the body to regain balance after stressful events passively. Enabling gardens are programmed to maintain and enhance the physical condition of target clientele through activities. In this research، with regard to the therapeutic role of nature and in line with provision of a practical solution proportional to cultural and native values of Iranians، the Persian Garden Landscape Pattern compliance with four categories of Therapeutic garden has been studied. Deduction process consists of three stages: firstly، extraction of characteristics and features of four patterns of therapeutic gardens based on matching parameters in their definitions; secondly، investigation of conformity of these characteristics to a Persian Garden Pattern through description and analysis of the existing library documents، and finally، proving the hypothesis through investigation of the experts’ attitude via a questionnaire survey. The Persian Garden Landscape Pattern is an appropriate pattern to be applied in design ideas of healing gardens، meditative gardens، and the lowest rates of accordance with the enabling gardens. The highest percentage of conformity related to the readability feature (93/6%)، orthogonal geometry and symmetry described readability in the Persian Garden. According to the experts، after readability، calmness and the absence of any physical and mental stress in the environment are the most important features of the Persian Gardens in the present study. The reasons are presence of water and a smart choice of plants and planting in the Persian Gardens. In this study، creating opportunities for social interaction in the gardens (54/2%)، creating involvement and participation of users in horticultural therapy activity (55%) had the lowest percentage of conformity based on the experts’ views. Persian Gardens were not public and specifically designed for exclusive use among properties، in a regular geometric pattern with rectangular and similar routes، the possibility of creating living space corners and spaces for social interaction decreases. According to the proposed definition of therapeutic gardens، the Persian Garden Pattern improves health through the sensory experience of nature. It is specifically focused on the promotion of mental health and missing designed spaces to improve physical and social aspects of the users’ health. In applying the pattern of Persian Garden as four categories of therapeutic gardens in order to enhance the efficacy and efficiency of a garden، the designers are required to improve the facility of creating opportunities for social interaction in the gardens، feasible involvement and participation of users in horticultural therapy activity and creating comfort in carrying out these activities.
Journal of Urban Landscape Research, Volume:2 Issue:4, 2016
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