Antibacterial Effects of Gold Nanoparticles on Multi-sdrug Resistant Klebsiella Pneumoniae and Escherichia Coli and Its Effect on the Liver of Balb/C mice
Abstract:
Introduction
The gold nanoparticles as other nanoparticles have catalytic, magnetic, optical, and biological (antimicrobial) properties. On the other hand, resistance to antibiotics is one of the greatest public health problems posed in the world. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the antibacterial effects of gold nanoparticles on multi-drug resistant klebsiella pneumoniae as well as escherichia coli and its effect on the liver of balb/c mice.
Methods
In this study, multi-drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli bacteria clinical samples were utilized that were isolated from several hospitals in Isfahan and then the toxic effects of nanoparticles were investigated on the Balb / C mice. Colloidal gold nanoparticles were also applied with spherical shape and a concentration of 200 ppm in size of 10 nm, using two wells and disk agar diffusion method. Antibacterial properties of the nanoparticles were evaluated within 1-3 days with 37 ˚c temperature, and diameter of inhibitory zone of growth was measured every day. Tissue and liver enzymes of the mice were examined, as well.
Results
The greatest diameter of inhibitory zone was detected in multi drug resistant E. coli. Most of the MIC and MBC were found in multi-drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria. Gold nanoparticles did not reveal any significant changes on the weight, liver enzymes and liver tissue of Balb / C mice after one month.
Conclusion
As the findings of the current study revealed, inhibitory effect of gold nanoparticles was observed on the axamined microorganism. Although the laboratories findings are promising, more studies should be conducted in regard with therapeutic standardization.
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Shaeed Sdoughi University of Medical Sciences Yazd, Volume:23 Issue:10, 2016
Pages:
1001 - 1017
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