Outcome based analysis of Middle East movements from Shia-Sunni cleavage spread perspective
Islamic region movements, as called Arab Spring, nowadays are the most important challenges of the world. These movements which began on December 2010 in Tunisia have made serious changes in several countries. Different aspects of popular protests in Middle East and North Africa are widespread and complex. One of these aspects is the effect of these movements on sectarian cleavage between Shia and Sunni among Muslims especially Muslims of Middle East. We have made the effort in this paper to study outcomes of Arab revolutions on religious cleavage in Islam world, using Manza and Brooks triple levels model of social-political cleavages. It appears that in this period of time opposition and political cleavage between Shia and Sunni has spread and become deeper, and it is arisen from both the process of movements and revolutions and foreign interferences and schismatic actions. Here, we focus on the process that leads to strife and group based identity finding; and finally this process results in macro political strife. It should be mentioned that this research has been done using descriptive-analytic method and the data is collected using documentary method.
Journal of Political sociology of Islamic world, Volume:3 Issue:7, 2016
113 - 132
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