The Relationship between Intellect and Particular Intellects in Plotinu's view and Its Comparison with Mullā-Sadrā's View on Unity and Multiplicity of Intellect
Plotinus considers Demiurge as intellect and the Platonic ideas as its thoughts. At the same time, he does not regard the existence of these thoughts as dependent on the intellect's reflection, but each of them as an independent particular intellect, whose self-thinking requires all ideas to be thought, as if it is identical with the whole hypostasis of intellect. This theory, which is called "Internality Thesis", is one of the outstanding features of Plotinu's philosophy and one of the most problematic issues in Neo-platonic philosophies. This theory has been reflected in Theologia to some extent and is one of Mullā-Sadrā's resources to believe in the unity and multiplicity of intellect as the first emanated being. This paper, after discussing the Plotinus theory and its context, is going to study Mullā-Sadrā's view on the unity and multiplicity of intellect, and his being affected by Theologia as well as by the verses and traditions.
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