Effectiveness of a Theory-Based Education Program in Prevention of HIV Transmission Risk Behaviors in HIV+ Patients: An Intervention in Health Belief Model Framework
Message:
Abstract:
Aims: Prevention and reduction of HIV risk behaviors in the patients with positive HIV are of the priorities of public health. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of educational program based on health belief model (HBM) on the behaviors preventing disease transmission in the positive HIV patients.
Materials and Methods
In the semi-experimental study, 92 positive HIV patients with AIDS, aged more than 18 years and recorded by the counseling centers for infectious and behavioral diseases in either Saravan or Sarbaz, were studied in 2013. The subjects were selected via census method. Data was collected using a researcher-made questionnaire consisted of a demographic part (10 questions), the health belief model constructs (17 questions), and patients’ functioning assessment part (11 questions). Data was analyzed by SPSS 18 software using independent T, paired-T, and Chi-square tests.
Findings: There was no significant difference between the groups in the demographic characteristics and they were equal. There were considerable significant increases in the mean scores of the perceived sensitiveness and intensity, the perceived benefits and obstructions, the perceived self-efficacy, and behavior after the training intervention than before the intervention (p
Conclusion
Health belief model is effective on the enhancement of AIDS preventing behaviors in patients with AIDS. In addition, through increased levels of awareness, attitude, sensitiveness, intensity, benefits, and self-efficacy, as well as a reduction in the perceived obstructions, it increases AIDS preventing behaviors.
Language:
Persian
Published:
Quarterly of Horizon of Medical Sciences, Volume:21 Issue: 4, 2016
Pages:
13 - 18
magiran.com/p1533585  
برخی از خدمات از جمله دانلود متن مقالات تنها به مشترکان مگیران ارایه می‌گردد. شما می‌توانید به یکی از روش‌های زیر مشترک شوید:
اشتراک شخصی
در سایت عضو شوید و هزینه اشتراک یک‌ساله سایت به مبلغ 400,000ريال را پرداخت کنید. همزمان با برقراری دوره اشتراک بسته دانلود 100 مطلب نیز برای شما فعال خواهد شد!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی همه کاربران به متن مطالب خریداری نمایند!
توجه!
  • دسترسی به متن مقالات این پایگاه در قالب ارایه خدمات کتابخانه دیجیتال و با دریافت حق عضویت صورت می‌گیرد و مگیران بهایی برای هر مقاله تعیین نکرده و وجهی بابت آن دریافت نمی‌کند.
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.