Factors Affecting The Sense of Relaxation In Green Spaces And Recreation In The City Of Kashan
Importance of green spaces in urban environments has been raised to the extent that as an indicator of development of the society. the same time there are measures to improve quality of life. Urban parks have a social, economic and ecological, values and advantages such as the treatment of mental illness, favorable environment for raising children, social integration, maintaining peace and so on. The media, however, are considered as a measure to improve quality of life and community development. In this regard, one of the issues in Kashan, is uneven distribution of green spaces in different areas of the city. Per capita green space in Kashan 2/5 square meters. In some areas, the need for recreational areas and green space and parks per capita ratios have not been payid enough attention, so that psychological comfort and security of people living in the city is disrupted. Therefore, knowing the quantity and quality of these spaces in each region can play an effective role in urban planning. This study aimed to determine the satisfaction of Kashani citizens to parks and green spaces with review of capabilities to further optimize their use of these places. Thus the question can be raised following: factors affecting the feeling of relaxation in green spaces and recreation in the city of Kashan? What is the relationship between visiting green spaces and recreation and the relaxed feeling?
Materials And Methods
This article is based on an objective, applied research Using the library, the theoretical research has been collected. Field visits using a questionnaire to collect information was needed in action. After developing the questionnaire, using random sampling, the questionnaires were completed. The research population included all residents of the city of Kashan, the number is 325275 people. The sample size using formula, and with 95%, was 300. SPSS software was used in the questionnaires. Analysis Finally, using statistical analysis (Spearman) standardized coefficients of each criterion was calculated. In order to analyze the factors affecting the satisfaction of respondents from urban green spaces, factor analysis was used. The results obtained showed the reduction of 20 primary variables through Operating 4 in varimax rotation.
Means comparison shows that the highest average satisfaction of the comfortable variables is places to enjoy (3/617)and the lowest average is of the variable sense of place (2/602. Spearman test results indicate a relationship between visiting of green spaces and recreation and the respondents are respondents feeling relaxed. This means that the higher the level of respondents feeling relaxedin green spaces and recreational areas would increase their willingness to participate in urban green spaces. Factor analysis also shows test results of comfortable places to enjoy the greatest impact among the variables under study. There fore, it is better to provide shelter and corner for further communication and interaction between citizens together and places to sit and relax.
Universal access to urban services and social justice requires that all classes of urban green spaces and urban parks and equal access to places of leisure enjoy, not to certain classes of people in parts of the city's most beautiful landscapes for his/ her life, and gradually all of these perspectives are reserved for the upper classes. But now if we see it also, in many cities in the contemporary urban landscapes, nothing but buildings and towers have been soaring and people are less able to escape from the mass of cement, iron, asphalt, etc. relaxed and enjoy life in cities. In the meantime, convenient access to urban green space of the issues that play an important role in guaranteeing the relative social and individual health, peace of mind and improve the quality of life of citizens.
Overviewing previous studies, in general we can suggest that in a particular study the factors influencing the feelings of relaxation and recreation in the city's green spaces were fully observed. This study is from this perspective and can be a step forward in this area, but the study results are in line with Jacob, Sacrifice and Timur (1389), Ghasem Zadeh and colleagues (1392) confirms.
A very important point in the selection of public green spaces, is green spaces and recreational social necessity. Location-spatial poor urban green spaces lead to problems such as low use of green spaces created by citizens, restricting the selection and arrangement of suitable vegetation, disturbance in the urban landscape, the lack of appropriate social interaction, mental, and social security to reduce and ultimately reduce citizens relaxation.
Geographic Space, Volume:16 Issue: 54, 2016
135 - 153
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