The common sense of Principle of Identity is the Logical formula, i. e. , A=A. In this view, that principle has no ontological and epistemological value, so it is impossible something can be something else. In the Greek era Identity assumed a essential character to understanding Being. In the Plato’s point of view, that he tries to found a new community based on philosophical though, and regard such kind of tough as a virtue that its goal is attaining the idea of Good, identity has very important place. The only possibility for this Socratic statement »Virtue is knowledge« is that, something like virtue be something else like knowledgeº and this is only can be happen that when, Identity formulated the nature of beings, not as being identical with itself of everything. So Plato must differentiate between sameness and identity. A difference that ignores it can lead to misunderstanding of the most Plato’s important metaphysical theory. We are trying to show: a) this very important statement, i. e. , virtue is knowledge, has what kind of relation with Identity. b) How could something be something else, without be contrast with being self-identical of everything in Plato’s point of view.
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