Regional disparity in hygienic behaviors of Iranian children and adolescents: The CASPIAN_IV study
Message:
Abstract:
Background
This study aimed to assess the pattern of hygienic behaviors of Iranian children and adolescents at national and sub-national levels according to the socioeconomic status (SES) of their living region.
Methods
Data were obtained from the fourth national school-based surveillance survey entitled, “CASPIAN-IV study” (2011-2012). It was conducted among 14,880 students, aged 6-18 years, who were selected by multistage random cluster sampling from 30 provinces in Iran. We used the World Health Organization Global School-based Student Health Survey (WHO- GSHS) questionnaire. Data were analyzed at national and sub-national levels according to the SES of the living region.
Results
Overall, 13,486 students (49.2% girls) with the mean (SD) age of 12.50 (3.36) years participated in this study (participation rate: 90.6%). At the national level, 67.21% of the participants had daily tooth brushing, the frequencies for always washing hands after using the toilet, washing hands before eating, and washing hands with soap in school were 85.61%, 56.53%, and 50.32%, respectively.
The frequency of daily tooth brushing had no significant difference according to the SES of the living region. In all of the categories of washing hands, the West region (second high SES rank) had the highest frequency of hygienic behaviors (p
Conclusion
In general, the reported hygienic behaviors were at an acceptable level; however, a large comprehensive health-promoting plan should be considered for all children and adolescents at the national and sub-national levels taking into account the disparities according to their SES.
Language:
English
Published:
Medical Journal Of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Volume:30 Issue: 1, Winter 2016
Pages:
949 - 958
magiran.com/p1605041  
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