Appearances of Islamophobia and Anti - Islamism In England

We have observed a kind of legal and political discrimination between the citizens of these countries in last two decades in many European countries. These discriminations have been leveled against the Muslim citizens of these European countries as the result of incidents like 9/11 and some explosions in European cities.
Discrimination between Muslim and non – Muslim citizens in European countries such as England has resulted in (has brought about) Islamophobia and Anti – Islamism. This essay tries to provide answer to this important question that which factors have caused the emergence of Islamophobia and Anti –Islamism in Britain and how this phenomenon has manifested itself? The paper’s general findings (results) demonstrate that identity factors have played a great role in this dichotomous view, otherizing and Islamophobia in England. In the present paper, There is Separation between types of against of islam.Every citizen has duties as well have rights on Government and the other citizens. If this is not met, the rights and duties, The identity of the citizens of every citizen in society is undermined. One could see the examples of Islamophobiua and Anti – Islamism in England in three different levels: firstly at the public space’s level in the form of verbal and physical violence, secondly at the media’s level through negative portrayal (depicting) (picturing) of Muslims, and thirdly at the state’s level in the form of discrimination in services and citizenship rights.
Journal of Political sociology of Islamic world, Volume:4 Issue: 8, 2016
133 to 155  
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