A review on the main diseases of the foot in dairy cows (Laminitis syndrome)
Lameness is of great importance to the dairy cattle industry because of economic and animal welfare considerations. Laminitis is the most important cause of lesions of the horny claw and lameness in cattle. Predisposing factors of laminitis as reported or suggested, are reviewed, including systemic diseases, nutrition, management, calving, age, genetics, conformation, behavior, season and growth. Among these, nutrition (ration formulation and preparation, and feeding program) and housing management are more important. Laminitis in cattle can be seen in acute, sub-acute, chronic and subclinical forms. Subclinical laminitis is the most common form of the disease/syndrome that is of great importance in modern dairy industry. By well recognizing of the laminitis syndrome and using good preventive measures, we can decrease the lameness and it's economic losses in dairy herds.
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