Comparison of the Symptoms of Mental Disorders of High-risk Events Drivers in the General Population of Tehran (April 2015-March 2016)
Abstract:
Background
The aim of this study was to compare symptoms of mental disorders of high-risk events drivers in the general population of Tehran.
Materials And Methods
The study population consisted of drivers who had committed a violation. The method of causal-comparative was applied for a number of 400 male violating drivers and 398 ordinary citizens of Tehran using the MCMI-III questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the software SPSS 19.
Results
The results showed that there were significant differences between the two groups in the scales of depression (3.12-T), histrionic personality disorder (11.9-T), antisocial personality disorder (43.96-T), negativistic personality disorder (13.58-T), anxiety disorder (13.58-T), manic disorders (4.88-T), drugs (13.58-T) and alcohol (10.92-T) of which high-risk events drivers demonstrated more symptoms. However, in other scales including schizoid, avoidant, dependent, narcissistic, borderline, other-abuse, obsessive, self-destructive, schizotypal, and paranoid personality disorders, and somatoform, dysthymia, post-traumatic stress, thinking, major depression, and delusional disorders, there was no significant difference between the two groups.
Conclusion
The findings suggest that during the preliminary examinations for drivers to prevent and reduce accidents by high-risk drivers comprehensive mental health screening procedures be performed.
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Police Medicine, Volume:5 Issue:4, 2016
Pages:
265 - 272
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