Empirical Analysis the Relationship among corruption, Shadow Economy and Environmental pollution (LISREL Approach)
Sector of countries economy related to shadow economy. Production in sector of the shadow economy associated with evading rules such as environmental laws. On this basis¡ activity of most economic units in the shadow economy have the negative externalities. In Program of the sustainable development¡ has been considered environmental quality. The growth of shadow economy is one of the factors that destroys environmental quality which depends to various factors such as corruption. In this paper¡ has been studied the relationship among corruption¡ shadow economy and environmental pollution using linear structural relationship pattern for OPEC like Iran countries over (2000-2012). The results from estimated models show that i) there is a positive relationship between corruption and the shadow economy; so that increasing corruption by one unite lead to rise the shadow economy by 73/0¡ ii) increasing illegal activities in sector of the shadow economy have the significant and positive effect on the environmental pollution indexes; so that¡ with growth of the shadow economy by one unite¡ are affected environmental pollution indexes include carbon dioxide emissions¡ consumption of fossil fuels and forest area by (0.91)¡ (0.47) and (-0.53)¡ respectively.
Quarterly Journal of Quantitative Economics, Volume:13 Issue:4, 2017
1 - 18
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