The study of taskin inverse choice
Abstract:
Taskin is one of authority of poesy, in which he can use a long syllable ýinstead of two short syllables, but taskin inverse choice (the two short ýsyllables instead of one long syllable) is not true, in terms of prosody ýresearchers. however, in the poetry of the old and more recent periods, ýpoetry is seen where taskin inverse choice have been usedþ.þ
taskin inverse, although apparently in imitation of Arabic poetry ýý(transformation a Mafaeelon to Mafaelaton) but often are used in revolving ýmeters (dawri) that specific for Persian poetry and through vav (o) e gheyr e ýdawri, with transformation a long syllable center hemistich into two short ýsyllables, the meters of “ouble Mafoul o Faelaton” has changed to the ýý“Mafoul Faelat o Mafaeel o Faelaton” that as history in the lyrics of Moezzi, ýAttar and Awhadi and especially Khaghani, and also this option of meters ýHazaj e Akhrab”Double Mafoul o Faelaton” is evident in the poems of ýKhaghani & Ghavvami. Taskin inverse choice some times has applied to ýelements of Mafaylon and Mafolon and change this elements to Mafaelaton ýand Moftaelon that is used in poetry of Molavi and Hazin Lahiji.ý
This paper concludes by examining the various poetical works that:ý
For distinguishing whether or not the dawri of the poetries that has mixed ýmeters with dawri and nonþ Ü þdawri is relying on the couplets dominant ýmeter, First, we recognize original meter if the original meter was nonþ Ü þdawri should applied dawri for other couplets, and this is the result of ýTaskin choice usage. This blending in Mozare e Akhrab verb root meter, ýobserved in the poems of Anvari, Khaghani, Athir and Seyf, that by use of ýTaskin in the middle of some nonþ Ü þdawri verses with meters “Mafoul o ýFaelat o Mafaeel o Faelaton” changed their meter to dawri “Double Mafoul ýo Faelaton”. This subject is more fancy than musical. But if the original ýmeter was non-dawri, should verses meter that are dawri the result of ýTaskin choice usage.ý
Sometimes, poets by using Taskin inverse choice in the middle of some ýdawri verses, and cause them to become non-dawri, and have been ýcombining two meters in a poem. The musical fancy in Hazaj e Akhrab ýmeter “Double Mafoul o Mafaeelon” is evident in Khaghani & Ghavvami’s ýlyrics and also has seen in the Mozar e Akhrab verb root meter “Double ýMafoul o Faelaton” in poetry of Moezzi, Attar and Awhadi and above all in ýKhaghani’s poetry. Taskin inverse choice is more evident in Khorasani style ýpoetry and in odes more yield from the non-dawri “vav” (o) that can be ýremoved “vav” (o) which became a fancy and writing, changed the meter to ýdawri for more melodious. In that case, the reduced heavy meter and meters ýof both lines was dawri. In sonnets more, the word of the middle verses that ýconnects the last syllable of the second pillar to the first syllable of the third ýpillar. Thus Manipulation hypothesis scribes, the “vav” (o) in the middle of ýthe hemistich, is null at least in these sonnets.ý
Taskin inverse choice or to follow the Arab prosody or unconsciously, are ýused in Mafaeelon element in Mawlawī poetry and in poetry Mafoulon ýpillar doleful and some contemporary poets. This choice in pillar is ýpermissible under two conditions: first, that it does not become irregular ýpillar, but to become the same pillar. Such as: Mafaeelon to Mafaelaton or ýMafoulon to Moftaelon. Second, it was not be in place rhyming because ýmay changed rhyme syllables. Taskin is also for the same reason, should ýnot occur in the rhyme syllable and if does, he should be upheld in all verses ýcouple.ý
By accepting the fact that “Mostafel o Mostafel o Mostafal o Fa” is the ýoriginal meters of quatrain, the problem of Taskin inverse choice is canceled ýin quatrain meter
Language:
Persian
Published:
Pages:
161 - 172
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