Environmental Geopolitics of Persian Gulf and its Effects on National Security

Nowadays, geopolitics have developed a deep bond with environmental issues because governments and people have figured out that in order to achieve peace and comfort and eliminating the arguments amongst themselves, the best approach is observance of environmental issues. In this manner, most of the intellectuals who are concerned with environmental geopolitics issues, believe that the destruction of ozone layer, climate changes and environmental erosion would lead to disturbance of political issues all around the globe; because the source of the most of these issues are beyond borders and therefore controlling them is out of hand of one particular country. Therefore, it is better that countries concern international agreements exclusively in designing their own environmental politics, and for solving the geopolitical issues lying ahead whether in national and regional aspect or in international levels. Persian Gulf as an exclusive ecosystem and also as a vital international waterway in addition to the damages caused by movement of oil ships and also extraction of petroleum from the continent’s plateau, the first and second war of Persian Gulf and also due to the growth of urbanization, development of industrial activities and illogical consumption of resources is heavily under pressure and this sea has turned into a place for massive urban and industrial waste deployment. Therefore, in order to improve and evacuate this system from pollution, it is necessary for the countries around Persian Gulf to cooperate in the path of true and strategic decision makings and also accurate compliance of international agreements, prevention of marine pollution and correct transportation according to the laws and regulations of marine environments is considered as necessary. In this manner, the present study with the descriptive-analytic approach with document methodology has conducted the evaluation of the importance of Persian Gulf’s environmental geopolitics and its effects on national security and eventually, has presented solutions in line of environmental sustainability of Persian Gulf.
فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و سیاسی خلیج فارس, Volume:3 Issue: 9, 2016
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