New Approaches to the Landscape Aesthetics Research
According to the approaches of landscape aesthetics developed in the twentieth century based on environmental psychology and experimental works, landscape and urban planning is of high priority . On the other hand, the effect of aesthetics on the perception, experience and changes of landscape is highly highlighted. According to researchoriented perspectives, aesthetics is very important for perception and experience of landscape. Aesthetics also affect the changes of landscape. Nowadays, aesthetics plays a significant role in the landscape architecture and is used as a driver to change the landscape in term of cultural values, social justice and environmental rights.. Aesthetics provide a new form of sustainable landscape and contribute to beauty, acceptance and make sense of the landscape. The objective of this study was to find the paradigm of landscape aesthetics in the future. According to the qualitative data of previous studies, to understand future researches in the field of aesthetic landscape, three different approaches should be concerned that are described in detail in this study. These approaches including phenomenological, psychological and ecological can shape the general paradigm of landscape aesthetic and determine the direction of the future researches in the field of landscape; therefore, this paper tries to answers these questions: what are the new approaches to study the landscape aesthetics? How these approaches can be used to shape the researches in the field of landscape aesthetics in the future? This is a descriptive-analytical study.. In this study, scientists’ views and intellectual typology of the past century have been collected by analysis of the approaches mentioned above. If the phenomenological approach is perceived as the exchanged type and the ecological approach as a holistic one, psychological approach is as psychological and evolutionary approach. According to the results of study on the future researches on landscape aesthetics, the approaches mentioned above are neither incompatible nor consistent. These approaches complement each other, but explain different aspects of landscape aesthetics.
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