Internal Discourses in Iran's Nuclear Diplomacy
This article investigates the effects of Irans internal political discourses on how political events were conducted during nuclear negotiations in the period between 2013 and 2015. The author holds that due to its emphasis on de-escalation and political development, the reformist discourse opposed challenging progress in nuclear technology. In contrast, the principlist camp has seen nuclear energy as a symbol of opposition and resistance against the West. Due to their emphasis on economic development and cooperation with the world system, the moderate camp also agreed on trust building with the West in order to resolve the nuclear problem. To examine the aforementioned argument, the author investigated different ways of thinking of Irans main parties in the countrys foreign policy based on discourse theory. The author also evaluates the performance of these discourses in Irans nuclear negotiations. Irans nuclear case resulted mainly in a relationship made between domestic policy and foreign policy. Meanwhile, the ups and downs of Irans nuclear case have challenged the arrangement of its internal politics. In other words, it created a gap between President Hassan Rouhanis moderate camp and the principalist camp, brought some principlists closer to the moderates, and created a gap among the principlists itself. The author concludes that the nuclear standoff turned the right and left disagreement into disagreement between the proponents and opponents with the JCPOA in Irans policy and recreated a new left and right in Irans domestic politics.
DISCOURSE, Volume:11 Issue:3, 2017
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