PREVALENCE AND FACTORS OF OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS IN NURSES OF EDUCATIONAL AND TREATMENT CENTERS OF URMIA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, URMIA, 2016
Message:
Abstract:
Background and Aims
Occupational accidents are important problems that can cause enormous problems for staff and employees of an organization. Therefore, controlling the rate of accidents for reducing of complications, providing security for staffs and the patients and the continuous efforts for preventing of its occurrence in clinical settings are essential. The target of this research was study of prevalence and factors of occupational accidents in nurses of educational and treatment centers of Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, 2016.
Material &
Methods
This research was performed as a cross sectional study in 180 nurses. Data were collected by a demographic and researcher made questionnaires asking about their job accidents. The association between the sociodemographic variables and the variable of occurrence of the work accident was ascertained through using Pearson’s test, ANOVA and independent t tests adopting the level of significance of 0.05 and the confidence interval of 95%.
Result
The following were ascertained as predominant: female nurses (76.7%), mean age range (33.75±6.9). All of them reported having had some type of work accident in the institution.
In biologic accidents, contact with blood or other body fluids (90.5%), chemical accidents, breathing vapors of disinfectants (46.7%), physical accidents, being exposed to X rays 46.9%), ergonomic accidents, low back pain due to patient’s repositioning (41.7%) were the main occupational hazards. The most prevalent reasons of it were: unendurable work load (61.1%) and work frustration (35.6%). There was a significant relationship between occupational accidents with long time of work, night shift, hesitation during the work, low time, and crowd of people in the wards (p ≤ 0.05).
Conclusion
Based on the results, it is really important to recognize the accidents’ causes, control the rate of them and provide sufficient and appropriate occupational health and safety services.
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Urmia Nursing And Midwifery Faculty, Volume:15 Issue: 4, 2017
Pages:
270 - 280
magiran.com/p1725537  
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