New Mutazila Ideas and Education
The main objective of this study was to analyze the ideas of New Mutazila and Extraction its educational implications. To achieve this goal, the descriptive - analytic method is used. The main concern of New Mutazila is to find the agents of the progression and reconstruction of the Islamic world. In their view, Islam is not a factor in Muslim backwardness; it is these misinterpretations and misunderstandings of Islam and the neglect of the position of "reason." One of the most important foundations of New Mutazila is "scientism" and "secularism". New Mutazila believes that Islam can be compatible with modernity, human rights, democracy and rationality. The results show that in New Mutazila education emphasis on, especially academic freedom, educational justice, encouragement of rationality and thinking, innovation, the use of dialogue methods, Reviewing and discussing in education, providing equal education opportunities for men and women, advocating for scientific and fundamental research to solve the crises of contemporary society, combating ignorance and superstition, paying attention to all aspects of human (intellectual, emotional) , Physical, imaginative) in education, the emphasis on the independence and independence of the educational system, and in particular the university, to any government or religious party.
Foundations of Education, Volume:7 Issue: 1, 2017
84 to 102  
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