Anthropological Foundations of Educational Methods in Quran and Hadith from Social Aspect
Generally, how to behave in any educational style depends on the styles dominant ideology and how human is viewed in that style. Therefore, the self-knowledge would be impossible without knowing God, world, or human behavior in the community. Drawing on an analytical-descriptive design and literature review, the present study is intended to examine this issue from point of view of Quran and Hadith. From the Islamic anthropology, human is a two-dimensional creature (material and spiritual), free, responsible, divine and nature-oriented, wise, and in quest of truth and anesthetics. So, concerning social education, human can reach his goals through his responsible reactions to the surrounding events, relying on his divine nature, following the revelation, referring to his nature, using his wisdom, employing his determination and authority, having his wisdom dominate his affection, and finally directing his nature toward anesthetics. His goals are the moral and human growth and happiness in this world and the hereafter. A developed and perfect man is a kind of human that reaches perfection through humanity and principles of nature or that widens or deepens principles of humanity in different aspects of his life based on three important sources namely wisdom, revelation and experience.
Journal of Educational Doctrines in Quran and Hadith, Volume:2 Issue:1, 2016
1 - 18
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