The Effectiveness of Psychological Well-being Treatment on Clinical Syndrome and Positive and Negative Affect of Obsessive-Compulsive Patients
Message:
Abstract:
Introduction
Washing obsession as the most common type of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) represents one of the serious psychological health problems, which can cause considerable anxiety and discomfort for an individual and imposes exorbitant social and economic costs on society every year. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of psychological well-being treatment on clinical symptoms and the positive and negative effect of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Methods
This is a semi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test design and a control group. Of all women with OCD referring to Khan-e Mehr and Holy Shrine clinics in Mashhad in 2017, 40 were selected using random sampling method. Finally, according to the inclusion criteria, 30 patients were randomly divided into two groups of intervention (n=15) and control (n=15). The intervention group received psychological well-being therapy for 12 sessions of 90-minute over a period of 3 months. During this period, no intervention was implemented for the control group. Yale-Brown Scale (Goodman et al, 1989) and Positive and Negative Effect Scale (Watson et al., 1988) were used as the evaluation tool in pre-test, post-test and follow-up. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analysis of variance (ANOVA) using SPSS 23.
Results
Our findings suggested that psychological well-being therapy had a significant and positive effect on clinical symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (P
Conclusion
The results of this study showed that psychological well-being therapy was effective in mitigating obsessive-compulsive disorder, increasing positive effect and decreasing negative effect in patients with washing obsession. This interventional method can be used as an effective method for the treatment of patients with obsessive-compulsive in counseling centers.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Iranian Journal of Psychiatric Nursing, Volume:6 Issue:1, 2018
Pages:
53 - 62
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