Nephrotoxic Effect of Gentamicin and Amikacin in Neonates with Infection
BackgroundInfection and its treatment as a common problem in children may induce different complications. Ampicillin and aminoglycosides, as choice drugs for this condition, may have many important side effects, such as nephrotoxic side effects.
Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the nephrotoxic effect of gentamicin and amikacin in neonates with infection.
MethodsThis clinical trial and double blind study was conducted on 80 children with aminoglycosides addministration. Initially, during hospital admission, serum and urine samples were collected for diagnosis of infection.
Children based on their treatment were divided to 2 groups, 40 children were treated by ampicillin and amikacin and 40 children were treated by ampicillin and gentamicin, during a 7-day period. At the end of the treatment period, serum and urine samples were taken for measurment of laboratory variables, and GFR, for evaluation of kidney function.
ResultsBlood Urea Nitrogen (BUN), creatinine and GFR before and after treatment in the two groups did not have statistically significant differences (P > 0.05). In addition age, gender, birth age, infection type, occupation, and education of parents and milk type were equal in the 2 groups.
ConclusionsBased on the present study, there were no significant differences between nephrotoxic effect of gentamicin and amikacin in the two groups.
Nephro-Urology Monthly, Volume:10 Issue:2, 2018
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