Relationship between Personality Traits and the Prevalence of Suicidal Ideation in Army Soldiers
Abstract:
Introduction
Suicide is not a sudden event among soldiers and happens as a result of a period of thoughts, circumstances, and interpersonal relationships. Suicidal ideation, as one of the most common suicidal behaviors, is an important predictor for completed suicide.
Objective
the current study aimed at evaluating the relationship between personality traits and prevalence of suicidal ideation in soldiers.
Material and
Methods
The current correlational, descriptive study was conducted on 88 soldiers spending their term of military services in a military barrack in 2017. Data collection tools were the demographic characteristics questionnaire, NEO personality characteristics questionnaire, the Beck scale for suicidal intention, and the Goldberg general health questionnaire. The validity of the questionnaires was assessed by Cronbach’s alpha and the split half method. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics (frequency table, percentage, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation coefficient) were used.
Results
The results of the current study showed that the Beck scale for suicidal intention could detect suicidal ideation in soldiers; a significant correlation was observed between the simultaneous validity of the Beck scale for suicidal intension, and personality traits and the Goldberg general health questionnaire. Hence, the correlation coefficient between neuroticism and the Beck scale was r =0.65 (P= 0.001), while the correlation coefficient and level of significance of the Beck scale with openness were P=0.018, r=-0.24, extroversion P = 0.002, r = -0.52, conscientious P= 0.013, r = -0.43, and consent P= 0.001, r= -0.58. Also, there was a negative correlation between the Beck scale for suicidal intention and the Goldberg general health questionnaire, while r= -0.57 and P= 0.014.
Discussion and
Conclusion
According to the research findings, it can be concluded that with increasing neuroticism, suicidal thoughts increases and with increasing general health, openness, extraversion, conscientiousness, and consent, the suicide intention decreases. Positive personality traits and high general health improve thoughts, while negative personality traits and lower general health have a direct negative impact on suicidal thoughts. Owing to the obtained background factors, soldiers should be screened for mental health on arrival at military environments as well as certain intervals. Preventive interventions such as training, consultation, and psychotherapy should be also considered.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of Military Caring Sciences, Volume:4 Issue: 4, 2018
Pages:
258 - 265
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