A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Research on The Prevalence of Ergogenic Substances in Iranian Athletes
In this review and meta-analysis 15 studies were eligible for entry into the study and the numbers of 8078 adolescent and young adult's athletes from more than 20 sports field in the fifteen studies were investigated. After collecting and coding data in these 15 researches, by using CMA software all data by using both fixed and random model was analyzed. The results of the meta-analysis conducted in this field showed that estimates point of taking Ergogenic Substances based on random model in male athletes was 63.9 and was variable between 50.6 to 75.3 percent. Also, the prevalence of taking Ergogenic Substances in female athletes Based on the random model was 28.3 and was variable between 25.3 to 31.4 percent. The highest prevalence of Ergogenic Substances use was in bodybuilders, weightlifting, wrestling, and swimming and athletics sports. The results of this study showed that the use of Ergogenic Substances and doping is an indisputable fact and today this problem is not only for the male athletes in some field of sport. The domain of this prevalence is female athletes and very wide range of athletes in different disciplines. If the politician not pay attention, the damage every day will be more develop in young people in our country.
Sport Physiology, Volume:9 Issue:36, 2018
17 - 38
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