Comparison of the Cost-Effectiveness of Transesophgeal and Transthoracic Echocardiographies to Detect Cardioembolic Causes of Stroke in Non-Selected Patients
Message:
Abstract:
Background
Both Transthoracic Echocardiography (TTE) and Transesophgeal Echocardiography (TEE) are effective investigation tools to detect cardioaortic sources of embolism in ischemic stroke. Nevertheless, there are still uncertainties about the cost-effectiveness of these methods in non-selected patients with acute stroke.
Objectives
This study aimed to investigate the cost-effectiveness of TTE and TEE using a decision analytic model in non-selected patients with acute ischemic stroke with or without clinical and radiological signs of embolic pattern.
Patients and
Methods
This cross-sectional cost-effectiveness study was performed in Nemazee hospital affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences from January 2014 to April 2014. TTE and TEE were performed for all 65 consecutive patients with ischemic stroke (51.3% male, mean age of 69.7 ± 17.9 years). The required data were direct costs related to performance of TTE and TEE, which were obtained from the patients’ bills in their charts. A decision analytic model was implemented to assess the cost-effectiveness of these two methods, which demonstrated an Incremental Cost-Ef-fectiveness Ratio (ICER). Effectiveness was determined based on the number of disorders diagnosed using each of the two echoes confirmed by two cardiologists. All analyses were done using Tree Age Pro 2011.
Results
The results showed that TEE was more expensive than TTE in non-selected patients. Performing TEE increased the cost by 1494 USD and the effectiveness by 7%. As per ICER equation, for each increment unit in the effectiveness, performing TEE would increase the cost by 213.4 USD compared to TTE. TEE was cost-effective in comparison to TTE regardless of age factor considering the cutoff of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by three for ICER. Moreover, TTE was cost-effective in 41-60- and 61-80-year-old age groups, while TEE was cost-effective in the 41-60-year-old age group. However, none of the techniques was cost-effective in patients above 81 years old.
Conclusions
The results of this study can help reduce the unnecessary use of echocardiography by considering the age group and their corresponding risk factors for developing ischemic stroke.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
English
Published:
International Cardiovascular Research Journal, Volume:12 Issue: 2, 2018
Page:
1
magiran.com/p1836688  
برخی از خدمات از جمله دانلود متن مقالات تنها به مشترکان مگیران ارایه می‌گردد. شما می‌توانید به یکی از روش‌های زیر مشترک شوید:
اشتراک شخصی
در سایت عضو شوید و هزینه اشتراک یک‌ساله سایت به مبلغ 400,000ريال را پرداخت کنید. همزمان با برقراری دوره اشتراک بسته دانلود 100 مطلب نیز برای شما فعال خواهد شد!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی همه کاربران به متن مطالب خریداری نمایند!
توجه!
  • دسترسی به متن مقالات این پایگاه در قالب ارایه خدمات کتابخانه دیجیتال و با دریافت حق عضویت صورت می‌گیرد و مگیران بهایی برای هر مقاله تعیین نکرده و وجهی بابت آن دریافت نمی‌کند.
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.