Validation and development of the questionnaire for assessment of safety climate and safety performance according to safety knowledge and safety motivation in cement industry
Abstract:
Background
Since promotion of safety culture plays a key role in prevention of incidents in industries, assessment of safety climate and safety performance can help industries to improve their safety culture. The present study was designed to develop a measurement tool for assessment of safety climate and safety performance according to the safety knowledge and motivation in cement industries.
Materials And Methods
According to the previous studies, a draft of questionnaire was developed in 5 structures, 9 dimensions and 41 questions including, dimensions of safety climate (management safety commitment, social support, Work environment safety, emergency preparedness at work), Production pressure, safety knowledge, safety motivation and safety performance (safety participation and safety compliance) . Provided questionnaire was distributed among 230 employees of Abyek cement industries. Data were analyzed through SPSS and LISREL software.
Results
Reliability evaluation of the questionnaire indicated its appropriateness. The scout study Cronbach's alpha coefficient and KMO in the main study was 0.86 and 0.861 subsequently. In general, the factor structure was tested and verified by Confirmatory Factor Analysis. The results showed that safety knowledge and safety motivation influence workers’ safety behavior. Also, management safety commitment was significantly related to social support and production pressure; meanwhile production pressure was a key and critical factor that has direct effects on other factors including safety motivation, safety knowledge, safety participation and safety compliance.
Conclusion
Based on safety motivation and safety knowledge, the results showed that the efficiency of the validated questionnaire for assessment of safety climate and safety performance was suitable in cement industries. Thus this five dimensions questionnaire can be used to promote the safety culture in this type of industries.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention, Volume:6 Issue: 1, 2018
Pages:
3 - 12
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