A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Researches on Prevalence of Ergogenic Substances in Non-athletes Community of Iranian Adolescent and Young Adults
Today, the abuse of Ergogenic Substances as a social issue has spread not only among athletes, but also among non-athletes. Although several studies evaluated the use of Ergogenic Substances use in various community, but no study has a review and meta-analysis on these studies. In this review and meta-analysis, 11 studies were eligible for entry into the study and the number 14291 participant in these 11 studies were investigated. From these studies, the 11 investigations conducted research on the men and women and 9 studies only done on women. After collecting and coding data in these 11 research, by using CMA software all data by using both fixed and random model was analyzed.The results of the meta-analysis conducted in this field showed that estimates point of taking Ergogenic Substances based on random model in Iranian male non-athletes population was 12.5% and in Iranian female non-athletes population was 5.3%. The results of this study showed that the use of Ergogenic Substances and doping is an indisputable fact and as a social problem is growing and expanding. The use of Ergogenic Substances from athletic community permeates to non-athletic community and from men to women. So, if the politicians do not pay attention, the damage every day will be more developed in young people of our country.
Strategic Studies On Youth and Sports, No. 37, 2018
157 - 178
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