Association Between Occupational Stress and Risk Factors of Cardiovascular Disease in Locomotive Operators
Abstract:
Background
Occupational stress is the leading cause of many disorders in employees. Drivers are a high-risk group for work-related stress. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between cardiovascular risk factors and occupational stress among locomotive operators.
Methods
This cross-sectional study recruited 350 locomotive operators. The Osipow questionnaire was used to measure stress. After 10 hours of fasting, systolic and diastolic blood pressures were recorded. Intravenous blood samples were also taken. Two groups of job stress were included as “trivial and trivial-to-average stress” and “average-to-acute and acute stress”. The Mann–Whitney U test was utilized to compare the risk factors of cardiovascular disease between the 2 groups. The association between education level and job experience was assessed using the χ2 test.
Results
Of the 350 participants, 250 (71.43%) individuals reported average-to-acute stress, 30 (8.57%) reported acute stress, and 70 (20%) reported average stress. There was a significant relationship between education level and job experience (P=0.000). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in the smoking rate (P=0.92), triglyceride level (P=0.55), and diastolic blood pressure (P=0.21), while the trivial and trivial-to-average stress group had significantly higher blood glucose levels (P=0.024) and systolic blood pressures (P=0.000) than the other group. Finally, the blood cholesterol level in the average-to-acute and acute stress group was significantly higher than that of the other group (P=0.000).
Conclusions
High rates of occupational stress were reported in the studied locomotive operators. Stress may have effects on blood glucose, triglyceride, and cholesterol levels in this job group.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
English
Published:
Iranian Heart Journal, Volume:19 Issue: 2, 2018
Pages:
20 - 26
magiran.com/p1852167  
برخی از خدمات از جمله دانلود متن مقالات تنها به مشترکان مگیران ارایه می‌گردد. شما می‌توانید به یکی از روش‌های زیر مشترک شوید:
اشتراک شخصی
در سایت عضو شوید و هزینه اشتراک یک‌ساله سایت به مبلغ 400,000ريال را پرداخت کنید. همزمان با برقراری دوره اشتراک بسته دانلود 100 مطلب نیز برای شما فعال خواهد شد!
پرداخت با کارتهای اعتباری بین المللی از طریق PayPal امکانپذیر است.
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی همه کاربران به متن مطالب خریداری نمایند!
توجه!
  • دسترسی به متن مقالات این پایگاه در قالب ارایه خدمات کتابخانه دیجیتال و با دریافت حق عضویت صورت می‌گیرد و مگیران بهایی برای هر مقاله تعیین نکرده و وجهی بابت آن دریافت نمی‌کند.
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.