Antibacterial effect and chemical composition of Satureja bachtiarica
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)
In this study antimicrobial activity of methanolic extract and essential oil of Satureja bachtiarica were evaluated by disk diffusion method on Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae, Rhizobium radiobacter, Ralstonia solanacearum, Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri, Bacillis subtilis, Pectobacterium cartovorum and Pectobacterium atrosepticum. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) determined by using a serial dilution method. The lowest inhibitory consistency of MIC and MBC values of Satureja bachtiarica essential oil and methanolic extract was observe on Bacillus subtillis. Chemical composition of essential oil and methanolic extract were determined by GC-MS and HPLC respectively. The major components of essential oil were: Carvacrol 53.94, γ- terpinene13.08, Tymole 11.16, P-symene 6.54, E- caryophylene2.16, Bornole1.2, Linalool2.49, α- terpnene. HPLC analysis of methanolic extract showed ten type of compound: Carcacrol (461.48mlgr/lit), Quercetin (75.80mlgr/lit) Eugenol (60.61mlgr/lit) Hesperetin (24.29mlgr/lit), Hesperedin(13.75mlgr/lit), Rutin (13.23mlgr/lit), Catechin (9.721mlgr/lit), Vanillin(1.01mlgr/lit), Caffeic acid (0.0812ml gr/lit), P-coumaric acid (2mlgr/lit), that are present in varying amount.Our result indicated that Satureja bachtiarica essential oil showed high antibacterial activity against all selected bacteria whereas, methanolic extract showed antibacterial activity against Xanthomona saxonopodis pv. citri, Bacillis subtilis, Ralstonia solanacearum, Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae. In general, essential oil and methanolic extract have strong antimicrobial activity against these pathogens.