Investigating the Causes of Emigration from Fereydunshahr from the perspective of Emigrants During the years 2011 to 2015
IntroductionStatistical data shows thatpopulation living in Fereydunshahrare declining in recent years and it should be noted that during these years the birthrate has been several times the mortality rate. Therefore decline in population is due to emigration; so this study was conducted to evaluate factors related to these emigrations in the mentioned city.
MethodThis cross-sectional study has been conducted on 384 emigrants who have left Fereydunshahr from 2011 to 2015. For this purpose, after the process of sampling through telephone coordinating and in person visiting new addresses of emigrants in the destination city or village, assessment questionnaire of factors related to migration including six components (geographical and climatic factors, research and educational factors, political factors, social factors, economic factors, religious factors) was filled for them through interview.
Data was analyzed through SPSS version 20, descriptive statistics, t-tests and analysis of variance.
ResultsResults from the research indicated that the most important causes related to emigration in Fereydunshahr from perspective of emigrants in order of preference are: economic factors, geographical and climatic factors, research and educational factors, social factors,political factors and religious factors. As well it was determined that there is a relation between demographic information of the emigrants and how they score the mentioned factors.
ConclusionDue to findings and identified priorities in the research, it is required to consider required facilities in order to invest in the section ofagriculture and animal husbandry and also public transportation and convenient access roads to prevent emigration of rural population.
And also it is required in addition to improve research and educational facilities, to provide grounds of private sector participation for investment in the industry sector along with raw materials for agricultural and livestock production in the city and in accordance with geographical and climatic conditions of the region (severe cold and snowfall during cold seasons) to prevent emigration of young and reproducing population of the city.
Tolooe Behdasht, Volume:17 Issue:3, 2018
1 - 10
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